Tue, 17 May 2022

Mitigating the impact of disasters, Unmanned Aerial System has emerged as an ideal solution for combating emergency situations. With constant advancements, it has become a highly preferred technology by rescuers.

Both natural and man-made disasters tend to destroy environments, making conditions extremely challenging for the relief workers as they are unable to access critical areas and provide assistance. Unmanned Aerial Systems help in overcoming such shortcomings as they can replace relief workers and manned vehicles.

Furthermore, during calamities like chemical leaks, the importance of UAS cannot be overstated as well. Chemical leaks happen due to various reasons like power plant malfunctions, spills during transportation or any malicious activity.

In such instances, monitoring the damage and offering relief must be swift and effective as many lives are at stake. The CBRNE events (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or explosive) make for unsafe conditions in which the masses are exposed to hazardous materials in nearby areas. Hence, the challenges of the rescue teams also multiply.

The tsunami that hit Japan which resulted in severe damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, is a fitting example in this regard. It led to a full-scale evacuation because of the amount of dangerous nuclear material that was released.

To control the situation and assess the extent of the destruction at the first possible instance, UAS were deployed at different locations in the air and on the ground. They aided in monitoring the radiation exposure and rebuilding efforts while minimizing nuclear fallout exposure for rescuers.

With high-resolution and 3D mapping, real-time visuals of the affected area are highlighted to rescuers for efficient coordination during relief efforts. Leveraging the technology in the UAS sector, companies like Wynyard Autonomous, Doosan, DJI are some of the leading names. Additionally, Wynyard Autonomous designs need backward solutions to help in meeting the demands of the various operations.

Its fuel-based UAS has a greater capacity as compared to the battery technology. The energy density of internal combustion fuel allows these vehicles to carry heavy payload and fly for longer hours at great heights is far greater than batteries.

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